The Top 10 Mountain Peaks in India

India is a land of rich history and diverse landscapes; as a result, it has some of the most awe-inspiring mountain ranges on Earth. One of the most important mountain peaks in India is the Himalayas. It is undoubtedly the jewel of Indian mountain ranges. The Himalayas are home to some of the tallest mountains in the world, and they serve as an important source of life for millions.  

Top 10 Tallest Mountain Peaks in India

Tallest mountain of India

The following mountain peaks in India are the top 10 tallest mountain peaks in the country. They not only play a foundational role in the ecosystem but also serve as the source of some of Asia’s mightiest rivers. These include the Ganges, Indus, and the Brahmaputra.

Kanchenjunga Peak

Kanchenjunga holds a special place in the hearts as well as cultures of the people who live in its shadow. Its slopes have been familiar to a lot of herders and traders for so many centuries now. Moreover, the mountain itself has a lot of religious significance for a lot of people around the world. Kanchenjunga is one of those peaks that has captivated as well as challenged adventurers for generations. 

  • Elevation: 8585 metres
  • Location: Sikkim
  • Mountain Range: The Great Himalayan Ranges
  • Bordering States: India and Nepal
  • Also goes by: ‘The Five Treasures of Snows’

Nanda Devi Peak

The Nanda Devi Peak is the second tallest mountain peak in India. It is surrounded by the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its unique flora and fauna. Additionally, the Nanda Devi Peak has cultural significance in Hindu mythology and offers challenging climbs for mountaineers.

  • Elevation: 7816 metres
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Mountain Range: Garhwal Himalayas range
  • First Expedition: 1936

Kamet Peak

The Kamet Peak is located near the Tibetan Plateau and is known for its steep faces and challenging climbing routes. It is surrounded by three other extremely high peaks and offers stunning views of the surrounding Himalayan Peaks. It is a difficult-to-access region with limited to no trekking activities.

  • Elevation: 7756 metres
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Mountain Range: Zanskar range
  • Also known as: Shining Mountain
  • First Expedition: 1931

Saltoro Kangri Peak

The Saltoro Kangri Peak is known for its icy slopes and challenging weather conditions. Climbing the Saltoro Kangri mountain region requires technical expertise and experience in high-altitude mountaineering. However, the summit offers breathtaking and panoramic views of the surrounding peaks and the vast, rugged beauty of the Karakoram Range.

  • Elevation: 7742 metres
  • Location: Jammu & Kashmir
  • Mountain range: Saltoro range
  • Also known as: K10
  • First expedition: 1962

Saser Kangri Peak

Saser Kangri is one of the most challenging and lesser-explored peaks in India. It is characterised by its steep icy slopes, knife-edge ridges, and stunning ice formations. Climbing Saser Kangri requires advanced technical skills and mountaineering expertise. However, the summit offers spectacular views of the Karakoram range and its surrounding glaciers.

  • Elevation: 7672 metres
  • Location: Jammu & Kashmir
  • Mountain range: Saser Muztagh subrange of the easternmost Karakoram range
  • First expedition: 1973

Mamostong Kangri Peak

Mamostong Kangri Peak is a stunning peak located near the Siachen glacier. It is known for its glaciated slopes, rocky ridges, and dramatic ice formations. Climbing the Mamostong Kangri mountain region requires technical skills and experience in high-altitude mountaineering. The summit, however provides breathtaking views of the rugged Eastern Karakoram Range and the surrounding wilderness.

  • Elevation: 7516 metres
  • Location: Jammu & Kashmir
  • Mountain Range: Rimo Muztagh subrange of the Karakoram Range
  • Bordering States: India & China
  • First Expedition: 1984

Rimo Peak

Rimo Peak is also the 71st-highest peak in the world. It is located 20 km northeast of the snout of the Siachen Glacier. ‘Rimo’ means ‘striped mountain’. The Rimo Glacier that originates here, drains to the Shyok River. The Rimo Massif consists of 6 peaks sharing the Rimo name.

  • Elevation: 7385 metres
  • Location: Jammu & Kashmir
  • Mountain Range: Rimo Muztagh subrange of the Karakoram Range
  • First Expedition: 1988

Hardeol Peak

Hardeol is one of the major peaks of the Kumaon Himalayas. It is the highest peak on the northern side of the ring of peaks that shield the Nanda Devi Sanctuary. Hardeol is located at the northern end of the Milam Valley. The beautiful surrounding peaks are one of its attractions.

  • Elevation: 7151 metres
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Mountain Range: Kumaon Himalayan range
  • Also known as: The Temple of Gods
  • First Expedition: 1978

Chaukhamba Peak

The name ‘Chaukhamba’ means ‘four pillars’ in Sanskrit. These peaks are venerated by locals and have significant spiritual and cultural importance. Chaukhamba mountain ecosystems offer challenging climbs and stunning views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks and valleys.

  • Elevation: 7138 metres
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Mountain Range: Gangotri group of the Garhwal Himalayas range
  • First Expedition: 1952

Trisul Peak

The name ‘Trisul’ has been taken from the name of the weapon of Lord Shiva, ‘Trishul’. The ‘Tri’ in Trisul means ‘3’ in Hindi, highlighting the 3 mountain peaks that are located in the Himalayas and Trisul being one of them. According to the Mountains of India map, this peak is also located near the Nanda Devi Sanctuary.

  • Elevation: 7120 metres
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • Mountain Range: Western Kumaun range
  • First Expedition: 1907

Overview of the Top 10 Mountain Peaks in India

Mountain NameHeight (metres)
Kanchenjunga Peak8586
Nanda Devi Peak7816
Kamet Peak7756
Saltoro Kangri Peak7742
Saser Kangri Peak7672
Mamostong Kangri Peak7516
Rimo Peak7385
Hardeol Peak7151
Chaukhamba Peak7138
Trisul Peak7120

Grandeur & Diversity of India’s Mountain Ranges

Mountain peaks in India

In India, the mountain greens are considered as ‘Home of Gods’, and are mostly very popular tourist attractions due to their clean air, religious beliefs, and various adventure sports activities like bungee jumping and paragliding.

In India, most of the mountain ecosystems are covered with very dense forests which act as a mountain habitat for a wide variety of plants and animals contributing to the greens of mountain regions.


Why is the Nanda Devi peak off-limits to mountaineering expeditions for some?

This is because of certain local religious beliefs and ecological concerns.

Why is the Kamet peak called the ‘Shining Mountain’?

The way sunlight reflects off the peak’s glaciers, it is also known as the ‘Shining Mountain’.

Why is K2 not considered in the Top 10 highest mountain peaks in India?

This is because of its location in the disputed region of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.